Exhibit 4.1


* Translated from Hebrew to english


credit Agreement


Customer Name: Actelis Networks Israel Ltd. (hereinafter: the “Borrower” or the “Company”,

“we”, or any derivative word in the first person)


Date: January 15, 2024

Company No. 512703737


Address: Bazal 25, Petah Tikva 4951038

Account No.: 232483 at Bank Mizrahi-Tefahot Ltd. (429) (hereinafter: the Account)


To: Bank Mizrahi-Tefahot Ltd. (hereinafter: the “Bank”) c.o. Re: Credit Framework


We hereby present the agreement between us regarding the credit framework and the credit to be made available to the Company in accordance with the provisions of this agreement. In addition to the provisions of this agreement, the terms of the credit framework and the credit made available to the Company (hereinafter: the “Credit”) shall be subject to and in accordance with the “Account Opening Request” and/or “Account Changes” and also the “Account Management Brochure” and “Commercial Borrower Credit Brochure” and all their appendices and amendments that we have engaged with the Bank according to them, and also subject to any specific credit/loan agreement in which we have engaged or will engage with the Bank (hereinafter, “Credit Documents”), and all that is stated in the Credit Documents, including all their terms, shall apply and obligate in all matters relating to the Credit framework and the Credit.




1.1The amount of the credit line: 1,500,000 U.S Dollars.


The establishment of the credit limit is conditional on the existence of all the prerequisites as detailed in Section 2 below (“Additional Conditions”) subject to the Bank’s signature on this agreement.


All Credit must be repaid in full by: (a) a specific date, to the extent stipulated in the credit documents; and in the absence of a specific date or (b) until December 27, 2024 (“Expiry Of The Framework”).


1.2Credit line for financing customer debt (the “Credit Line”)


The Credit Line will be usable until and no later than the expiration of the limit.


1.2.1Each loan from the credit framework will be calculated and approved in accordance with the following cumulative rules and conditions:


A.Invoices for payment that have not yet been paid, which the borrower issued to its external customers (without inter-social sales) for products or services provided to them, were financed at a rate of 80% of the amount of each invoice.


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B.Invoices due no later than 90 days from the date of the report will be paid as specified in Section 1.3.3 below.


C.The financing that will be provided for all the invoices issued to a particular customer, as calculated according to this section (the exposure to each individual customer) shall not, at any time, exceed 30% of the total loans to finance customer debt.


The loan amount calculated in accordance with the above rules will be called the “Derived Amount”.


1.2.2Loan Period. Repayment date of loans to finance customer debt the repayment time of each loan to finance customer debt shall not exceed 3 months from the date of its placement (the “Loan Period”).


1.2.3Interest Rate. Each loan will carry fixed interest at an annual rate equal to the interest rate of SOFR (on the basis of the Loan Period) as it will be at the time of its placement + 5.5%. The interest will be charged in advance, for the entire Loan Period.


1.2.4Report. The Borrower will submit to the Bank, no later than 14 days after the end of each calendar month , a report that includes the details of the invoices for the last day of the month previous calendar that have not yet been paid by the reporting date as well as the calculation of the Derived Amount. The report will be made in the format accepted by the Bank in the form of the example shown in Annex 1.2.4 to this agreement the (the “Monthly Invoice Report”).


1.2.5Also, together with the creation of the monthly invoice report, the Borrower will submit a collection report in relation to all the invoices that have been financed, detailing the amounts collected in the last month and the invoices. The reports will be signed by the Company’s CEO or its CFO. The Bank may check the calculation of the Derived Amount, request the presentation of the invoices, as well as disqualify any of the customers and / or the invoices detailed in the report, at its discretion.


1.2.6The amount of loans used by the actual Borrower from within the Credit Line shall not exceed the Derived Amount at any time. The adjustment of the actual utilization to the Derived Amount will be carried out within five days from the date of delivery of the report through the placement of loans or their early repayment . Notwithstanding the foregoing, it is agreed that a reduction of up to 30% in the amount of the invoices in a certain month during the Loan Period compared to the invoice report on which the loan was based, will not constitute grounds for paying the said difference.


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1.2.7It is clarified that the Bank will not be obligated to provide loans under the credit, unless it has approved the customers and the calculation of the Derived Amount at its discretion.


The Borrower will sign all the documents required by the Bank in order to carry out what is stated in this section.




A.Credit allocation fee. For the Credit Limit, the account will be charged credit allocation fee at an annual rate of 1.5% on the full amount of the limit allocated to the Borrower as stated above, starting from the date of signing this agreement.


The credit allocation fee will be calculated on a daily basis and charged once per quarter, at the beginning of each calendar quarter, for the quarter preceding it.


For the amount of loan that was actually used by the Borrower, the Borrower will receive a full reduction of the credit allocation fee stated above. The calculation will be made in relation to each credit applied from the day it was actually applied, on the balance used.


B.Document editing fee. In the amount of 10,000 USD of which a total of USD 2,500 will be paid at the time of signing this agreement and the balance by January 31, 2024.


C.These fees are not a substitute for the normal fees used in the Bank.


3.Prerequisites and General Conditions:


The establishment of the Credit Line and the credit from it will be carried out subject to the existence of all the conditions as follows:


3.1The above Borrower signed the credit documents accepted by the Bank and on the relevant documents required for the activity and/or the requested credit, and produced all protocols and attorney’s approvals as accepted by the Bank.




3.2.1The borrower provided the Bank with a written confirmation signed by Migdalor - Business Investment Fund, Limited Partnership (“Migdalor”) and approved by the Company, Exceptions , among other things, from the content of the encumbrance registered in favor of Migdalor the debt of the Company’s customers and confirms a delay in taking the procedures.


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3.2.2The Company and Migdalor submitted to the Registrar of Companies a lien amendment 17, created in its favor on 12.30.2020 and registered on 1.19.2021 which excludes the aforementioned customer debt


3.3Capital raising funds that the Company intends to carry out in the amount of at least 1,000,000 U.S dollars have been deposited into the account, and this until January 1, 2024 (the “Capital Raising”).


3.4In order to fully guarantee its debts and obligations, the Borrower provided the Bank with all the following guarantees, signed a promissory note in the form accepted by the Bank and provided all the documents, protocols and attorney’s certificates as accepted by the Bank:


3.4.1The Borrower created a floating lien, first in rank, without limitation in amount on all its rights to receive funds from its customers and other debtors and a fixed first in rank lien, without limitation in amount , in all its rights to receive funds from its customers and other debtors listed in Appendix A to the promissory note, all as detailed in the promissory note in the form attached as an Appendix 2.


3.4.2The Borrower has created a permanent lien, first in rank, with no limit on the amount of all its funds, deposits, assets and rights in connection with the account, as well as any account that will replace it, all as detailed in a deed of pledge of funds, deposits, assets and rights in the account, dated June 2, 2022 registered on June 2, 2022 In the Companies Registry as Encumbrance No. 22.


3.5Absence of Legal Prohibition


3.5.1There will be no legal impediment to the provision of credit and the provision of credit will not be contrary to the provisions of the law and/or contrary to the instructions of the supervisor of banks (including Proper Banking Management Order No. 311 “Minimum Capital Ratio” and Order No. 313 “Limitations on Companies of a Borrower and of a Group of Borrowers” and /or any other provision that will replace and/or come in their place), including the fact that it will result in exceeding the liability limits of a borrower and/or a group of borrowers.


3.5.2If this prerequisite is not met, and as a result it will not be possible to provide the full credit amount from the Credit Limit, the terms of the Credit Limit will be adjusted by agreement between the Bank and us.


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The Borrower undertakes to submit the following reports to the Bank:


4.1The Borrower’s annual financial statements immediately upon signing and no later than June 30 of each calendar year (or by September 30, if the Company’s articles of association allow it). If the Borrower publishes additional consolidated or other financial statements in Israel or abroad, audited or unaudited, the Borrower will deliver copies of them to the Bank as soon as possible after their publication.


4.2The Borrower’s quarterly financial statements will be submitted to the Bank within 60 days of the end of each calendar quarter.


4.3The Company will deliver to the Bank the reports specified in Section 1.2.4 above.


4.4In addition, the Company will provide the Bank from time to time, as required by the Bank, additional information on the Company’s business data and financial situation.


4.5The Borrower will notify the Bank in writing within seven (7) business days after being informed: (a) that there has been a material change for the worse in the Borrower’s situation, resulting from a change in its business, operations or financial situation; (b) any information that may indicate that the financial statements provided pursuant to this letter are not accurate or correct and the information provided to the Bank by the borrower is no longer accurate in any material respect; and (c) any material matter relating to the securities delivered and/or to be delivered to secure debts to the Bank.


4.6The Borrower undertakes to report to the Bank in writing as soon as it becomes aware of the occurrence of any violation event.


4.7In this agreement:


4.7.1“The Borrower’s Financial Statements” means:


A.The Borrower’s annual financial statements when they are prepared in accordance with any law and accepted accounting principles that include a balance sheet, a profit and loss statement, a cash flow statement and a statement of changes in equity, including the notes thereto; the annual statements will be audited by an auditor external, according to principles, reporting rules and acceptable accounting regulations established and/or to be established from time to time by the Chamber of Accountants and/or according to any law; also


B.Quarterly reports that include a balance sheet and a profit and loss statement, which are not surveyed or audited, signed by the management.


4.7.2Violation Event,” which of the events in which the Bank is entitled to immediately repay the credit or any part of it. For the avoidance of doubt, granting a correction period, if given in relation to the violation event, does not postpone the date or occurrence of the violation event and the violation event will be considered as such starting from the occurrence of the circumstances that constitute it before the lapse of the correction period and regardless of any other passage of time.


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The Borrower declares and undertakes to the Bank that:


  5.1 All obligations of the Borrower according to this agreement are valid obligations of the borrower, binding and enforceable on the Borrower.


5.2The Borrower’s signing of this agreement and its existence by the Borrower: (1) will not cause and will not cause a breach by the Borrower of any agreement to which the Borrower is a party and/or give any person or entity a right and/or reason to demand immediate repayment of the Borrower’s debts and obligations; and/or (2) do not constitute and will not constitute a violation of and/or an exception to any legal provision; and/or (3) do not cause and will not cause a violation of any license and/or permit of the Borrower.


5.3At the time of signing this agreement, no event of breach has occurred or any event which, after only a period of time or upon giving notice, or both, will constitute an event of breach.


5.4As of the date of signing this agreement: (a) there is no legal proceeding, claim arbitration, litigation or administrative proceeding pending against the Borrower and to the best of the Borrower’s knowledge, there are no such proceedings that are expected against it; (b) there is no application for the appointment of a receiver and/or liquidator has been submitted against it and no order has been issued against it regarding these matters, and to the best of its knowledge no such application or order is about to be submitted against it or given against it; and (c) they did not make a decision on voluntary dissolution.


5.5The Borrower’s audited financial statements as of 12.31.22 (hereinafter in this section 4.5 “The Financial Statement”) were prepared in accordance with accepted accounting rules and principles and they faithfully, correctly, completely and accurately reflect the Borrower’s financial position, assets, debts and liabilities for the period to which they refer.


From the date to which the financial statements refer to until the date of signing this agreement, the Borrower’s business was conducted in the normal course of business and no event occurred that would materially adversely affect its business and/or financial situation and/or its assets and/or its liabilities and/or its obligations and/or or on the Borrower’s equity.


5.6Because the Borrower has not taken credit and/or issued guarantees upon its signature of any kind and type to another, except for commercial guarantees in the normal course of business and except as specified in Appendix 4.6 to this agreement.


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  5.7 The Borrower submitted on time to all the relevant tax authorities all the reports that must submit according to any law, paid on time all the taxes and other payments that they must pay or made an appropriate provision in connection with them in her books in accordance with the customary accounting rules. To the best of the Borrower’s knowledge and except as specified in the Appendix 4.7, the Borrower is not expected to incur any tax liability with the exception of taxes for which a legal provision was made if any, in the Borrower’s current financial statements.


  5.8 Except as specified in Appendix 4.8 to this agreement, the Borrower has not entered into and is not a party to any agreement with any of its stakeholders, and there is no agreement, commitment, understanding, oral or in an agreement, on any subject between the Borrower and its stakeholders and/or entities related to the Borrower and/or to its stakeholders, they were not offered any loans by the Borrower and were not given any benefit.


  5.9 All the information provided by the borrower to the Bank is correct and faithfully reflects the business situation of the Borrower as of the date of signing this agreement. Also, the Borrower does not have any information in connection with the Borrower, which was not brought to the Bank’s attention, and which, if it had been brought to its attention, would have caused a reasonable lender to refrain from extending credit to the Borrower and/or to result in a reasonable lender not agreeing to rely on the collateral to ensure repayment of the credit, or has the purpose of limiting in any way the ability to realize the collateral, all or any part of it.


6. It is agreed that among the other cases in which the Bank has a reason to set the credit for immediate repayment, and in addition to them, the Bank will be entitled to set the credit for immediate repayment if any of the following events occur:


  6.1 The Company will breach an obligation according to this agreement and/or if it turns out that any of its statements in this agreement are incorrect.


  6.2 If Migdalor requires the borrower to prepay the Company’s debts to it, all or part of them\or if legal proceedings were taken by Migdalor against the Borrower and/or if Migdalor violated its obligations to the Bank.


7. The Bank will be entitled at any time and from time to time, immediately giving notice to the borrower, to reduce or cancel the unused credit limit and/or to postpone the provision of any credit, in whole or in part, or to delay it, all this if a violation event as defined above occurs, or if there are other conditions that require an immediate reduction or cancellation of the credit limit or in other cases permitted by law.


8. It is clarified that in order to ensure the complete and accurate settlement of all the Borrower’s debts and obligations towards the Bank (including the credit) the Bank will stand by all collateral and guarantees of any kind and type given and/or to be given to the Bank by the Borrower and/or by any third party on its behalf.


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9. The Borrower’s rights under this agreement are not assignable or transferable in any way.


10. All the appendices to this document form an integral part of it and everything stated in the appendices comes to complete and add to what is stated in this document.


11. This agreement will enter into force subject to its signature by the Borrower and its return to the bank no later than __ January 2024 and subject to the Bank’s signature.


12. In any case of conflict between the provisions of this agreement and the provisions of the credit documents, the provisions of this agreement will prevail. In any other case, the provisions of this agreement and the provisions of the credit documents will be considered to complement each other.




Actelis Networks Israel Ltd.


We confirm the above.


Bank Mizrahi Tefahot Ltd 


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Agreement to Encumber


To Date : 15.1.2024


Bank Mizrahi Tefahot Ltd


WHEREASand on 12.30.2020 Actelis Networks Israel Ltd. P.O. 512703737 (hereinafter: “the Company”) for our benefit , Migdalor - a Business Investment Fund, Limited Partnership, lien floating first in rank , with no restriction in the amount , on all her property , property and rights And yes, sea servitude fixed , first in rank, without limit in amount, on the issued and unpaid share capital of the Company on its reputation, on the equipment and assets detailed in the list attached as Appendix A to the promissory note, as well as on all of its rights to receive funds from its customers by virtue of the agreements detailed in Appendix B to the promissory note and this to ensure its full obligations and commitments towards us. The bond was registered on January 19, 2021 in the Registrar of Companies as a lien No. 17 ( below: ”the bond the lien in our favor“ and ”the debt”, respectively ).


And WHEREAS:And according to terms of the bond , _ Actelis is undertake any additional encumbrances without our consent the early one for that in writing in advance;


and WHEREAS: And the company applied to us with a request to exclude from the contents of the lien in our favor all its rights to receive funds from its customers (the customer’s debt) and other debtors, in order to be able to create a first rank lien on the customer’s debt in favor of you, Bank Mizrahi Tefahot Ltd. (”the Bank”). And this is to guarantee credit, which was and/or will be offered to the company by the Bank.


Therefore, we would like to inform you as follows:


1. We approve the removal of the lien registered in our favor over the Customer’s debt and other obligors and the exclusion of the customer’s debt from the content of the lien in our favor.


In addition to this letter of consent, a letter of amendment of the bond signed by us and by the Company, which will be submitted by us to the Registrar of Companies shortly after the company signs the lien as stated below in your favor.


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For the avoidance of doubt, we hereby confirm that in order to secure all the company’s debts and obligations to the Bank, the company may create the following liens for the benefit of the Bank:


  A first degree permanent lien on all the company’s rights to receive funds due and/or to be received, from time to time, to the Company by the customers and/or by the debtors listed below (hereinafter: ”the Customers”), including and without detracting from the generality of the said, all the Company’s existing and/or rights or the future, to receive funds from the Customers according to any framework agreement and/or contract for their repairs (as they may be from time to time), and/or according to a commitment and/or order, which the Company will receive from time to time, from any of the Customers or by virtue of any other document and/or commitment or additional and/or that you replace them, as well as the right to receive funds by virtue of invoices that we issue and/or that the company issues, from time to time, to Customers.


  A first-degree floating lien on all rights, existing and future, of any kind and type, to receive funds from all the Company’s Customers and/or other obligors and/or the Company’s insurers in connection with the above rights, due or to be due to the company pursuant to any order, service, agreement, commitment, insurance policy, contract, invoice, and any reason that exists whether it exists and/or whether it will exist in the future, as it will be from time to time.


It is clarified that the above liens will also apply to the rights to receive indemnity or insurance funds in respect of and request with the above rights as well as the funds for them.


2. We undertake to inform you in writing of any event entitling us to demand from the Company the repayment of the debt. Furthermore, we undertake not to take legal action against the Company, except after a period of three months from the date of sending such notice as mentioned, unless the third party, the Company, or you have taken action against the Company in insolvency proceedings or debt enforcement proceedings.


3. In addition, for the avoidance of doubt, we agree that the pledge registered under No. 22 in the Companies Registry on June 26, 2022, for the benefit of the Bank, shall serve as security for all the obligations and commitments of the Company to the Bank.


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4.Our consent is given on the condition that you will also be able in the future to create securities for our benefit of any kind, without the need for the Bank’s approval (except for anything related to assets encumbered for the benefit of the Bank), and with your approval in the margins of this agreement.


5.Except as stated above, our consent herein does not diminish or impair any arrangements that the Company has made for our benefit or its obligations towards us.


  Migdalor - Business Investment Fund Limited Partnership



Migdalor - Business Investment Fund, Limited Partnership

Bank Mizrahi Tefahot Ltd


We confirm that we have read the aforementioned consent letter and we agree to its contents


  Actelis Networks Israel Ltd.



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